Hadith Sahih Bukhari – Prophet Muhammad's Sayings

February 25, 2008

Hadith Bukhari on Expiation for Unfulfilled Oaths

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Volume 8, Book 79, Number 699:
Narrated Ka’b bin ‘Ujra:
I came to the Prophet and he said to me, “Come near.” So I went near to him and he said, “Are your lice troubling you?” I replied,
“Yes.” He said, “(Shave your head and) make expiation in the form of fasting, Sadaqa (giving in charity), or offering a sacrifice.” (The
sub-narrator) Aiyub said, “Fasting should be for three days, and the Nusuk (sacrifice) is to be a sheep, and the Sadaqa is to be given to
six poor persons.”

Volume 8, Book 79, Number 700:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
A man came to the Prophet and said, “I am ruined!” The Prophet said, “What is the matter with you?” He said, “I had sexual relation
with my wife (while I was fasting) in Ramadan.” The Prophet said, “Have you got enough to manumit a slave?” He said, “No.” The
Prophet said, “Can you fast for two successive months?” The man said, “No.” The Prophet said, “Can you feed sixty poor persons?”
The man said, “No.” Then the Prophet said to him, “Sit down,” and he sat down. Afterwards an ‘Irq, i.e., a big basket containing dates
was brought to the Prophet and the Prophet said to him, “Take this and give it in charity.” The man said, “To poorer people than we?”
On that, the Prophet smiled till his premolar teeth became visible, and then told him, “Feed your family with it.” (See Hadith No. 157,
Vol 3)

Volume 8, Book 79, Number 701:
Narrated Abu Huraira:

A man came to Allah’s Apostle and said, “I am ruined!” The Prophet said to him, “What is the matter?” He said, “I have done a sexual
relation with my wife (while fasting) in Ramadan.” The Prophet said to him?” “Can you afford to manumit a slave?” He said, “No.”
The Prophet said, “Can you fast for two successive months?” He said, “No.” The Prophet said, “Can you feed sixty poor persons?” He
said, “No.” Then an Ansari man came with an Irq (a big basket full of dates). The Prophet said (to the man), “Take this (basket) and
give it in charity.” That man said, “To poorer people than we, O Allah’s Apostle? By Him Who has sent you with the Truth! There is
no house in between the two mountains (of the city of Medina) poorer than we.” So the Prophet said (to him), “Go and feed it to your
family.”

Volume 8, Book 79, Number 702:
Narrated Abu Huraira :
A man came to the Prophets and said, “I am ruined!” The Prophet said, “What is the matter with you?” He said, “I have done a sexual
relation with my wife (while fasting) in Ramadan” The Prophet said to him, “Can you afford to manumit a slave?” He said, “No.” The
Prophet said, “Can you fast for two successive months?” He said, “No.” The Prophet said, “Can you feed sixty poor persons?” He
said, “I have nothing.” Later on an Irq (big basket) containing dates was given to the Prophet, and the Prophet said (to him), “Take this
basket and give it in charity.” The man said, “To poorer people than we? Indeed, there is nobody between its (i.e., Medina’s) two
mountains who is poorer than we.” The Prophet then said, “Take it and feed your family with it.”

Volume 8, Book 79, Number 703:
Narrated Al-Ju’aid bin Abdur-Rahman:
As-Sa’ib bin Yazid said, “The Sa’ at the time of the Prophet was equal to one Mudd plus one-third of a Mudd of your time, and then it
was increased in the time of Caliph ‘Umar bin ‘Abdul Aziz.”

Volume 8, Book 79, Number 704:
Narrated Nafi:
Ibn Umar used to give the Zakat of Ramadan (Zakat-al-Fitr) according to the Mudd of the Prophet, the first Mudd, and he also used to
give things for expiation for oaths according to the Mudd of the Prophet. Abu Qutaiba said, “Malik said to us, ‘Our Mudd (i.e., of
Medina) is better than yours and we do not see any superiority except in the Mudd of the Prophet!’ Malik further said, to me, ‘If a ruler
came to you and fixed a Mudd smaller than the one of the Prophet, by what Mudd would you measure what you give (for expiation or
Zakat-al-Fitr?’ I replied, ‘We would give it according to the Mudd of the Prophet’ On that, Malik said, ‘Then, don’t you see that we
have to revert to the Mudd of the Prophet ultimately?’”

Volume 8, Book 79, Number 705:
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah’s Apostle said, “O Allah! Bestow Your Blessings on their measures, Sa’ and Mudd (i.e., of the people of Medina) ”

Volume 8, Book 79, Number 706:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, “If somebody manumits a Muslim slave, Allah will save from the Fire every part of his body for freeing the
corresponding parts of the slave’s body, even his private parts will be saved from the Fire) because of freeing the slave’s private parts.”

Volume 8, Book 79, Number 707:
Narrated ‘Amr:
Jabir said: An Ansari man made his slave a Mudabbar and he had no other property than him. When the Prophet heard of that, he said
(to his companions), “Who wants to buy him (i.e., the slave) for me?” Nu’aim bin An-Nahham bought him for eight hundred Dirhams.
I heard Jabir saying, “That was a coptic slave who died in the same year.”

Volume 8, Book 79, Number 708:
Narrated ‘Aisha:
that she intended to buy Barira (a slave girl) and her masters stipulated that they would have her Wala’. When ‘Aisha mentioned that to
the Prophet ; he said, “Buy her, for the Wala’ is for the one who manumits.”

Volume 8, Book 79, Number 709:
Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari:
I went to Allah’s Apostle along with a group of people from (the tribe of) Al-Ash’ari, asking for mounts. The Prophet said, “By Allah,
I will not give you anything to ride, and I have nothing to mount you on.” We stayed there as long as Allah wished, and after that,
some camels were brought to the Prophet and he ordered that we be given three camels. When we set out, some of us said to others,
“Allah will not bless us, as we all went to Allah’s Apostle asking him for mounts, and although he had sworn that he would not give us
mounts, he did give us.” So we returned to the Prophet; and mentioned that to him. He said, “I have not provided you with mounts,
but Allah has. By Allah, Allah willing, if I ever take an oath, and then see that another is better than the first, I make expiration for my
(dissolved) oath, and do what is better and make expiration.”

Volume 8, Book 79, Number 710:
Narrated Hammad:

the same narration above (i.e. 709), “I make expiation for my dissolved oath, and I do what is better, or do what is better and make
expiation.”

Volume 8, Book 79, Number 711:
Narrated Abu Huraira:
(The Prophet) Solomon said, “Tonight I will sleep with (my) ninety wives, each of whom will get a male child who will fight for
Allah’s Cause.” On that, his companion (Sufyan said that his companion was an angel) said to him, “Say, “If Allah will (Allah
willing).” But Solomon forgot (to say it). He slept with all his wives, but none of the women gave birth to a child, except one who
gave birth to a halfboy. Abu Huraira added: The Prophet said, “If Solomon had said, “If Allah will” (Allah willing), he would not have
been unsuccessful in his action, and would have attained what he had desired.” Once Abu Huraira added: Allah apostle said, “If he
had accepted.”
Volume 8, Book 79, Number 712:
Narrated Zahdam al-Jarmi:
We were sitting with Abu Musa Al-Ash’sari, and as there were ties of friendship and mutual favors between us and his tribe. His meal
was presented before him and there was chicken meat in it. Among those who were present there was a man from Bani Taimillah
having a red complexion as a non-Arab freed slave, and that man did not approach the meal. Abu Musa said to him, “Come along! I
have seen Allah’s Apostle eating of that (i.e., chicken).” The man said, “I have seen it (chickens) eating something I regarded as dirty,
and so I have taken an oath that I shall not eat (its meat) chicken.” Abu Musa said, “Come along! I will inform you about it (i.e., your
oath).
Once we went to Allah’s Apostle in company with a group of Ash’airiyin, asking him for mounts while he was distributing some
camels from the camels of Zakat. (Aiyub said, “I think he said that the Prophet was in an angry mood at the time.”) The Prophet said,
‘By Allah! I will not give you mounts, and I have nothing to mount you on.’ After we had left, some camels of booty were brought to
Allah’s Apostle and he said, “Where are those Ash’ariyin? Where are those Ash’ariyin?” So we went (to him) and he gave us five very
fat good-looking camels. We mounted them and went away, and then I said to my companions, ‘We went to Allah’s Apostle to give us
mounts, but he took an oath that he would not give us mounts, and then later on he sent for us and gave us mounts, perhaps Allah’s
Apostle forgot his oath. By Allah, we will never be successful, for we have taken advantage of the fact that Allah’s Apostle forgot to
fulfill his oath. So let us return to Allah’s Apostle to remind him of his oath.’ We returned and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! We came to
you and asked you for mounts, but you took an oath that you would not give us mounts) but later on you gave us mounts, and we
thought or considered that you have forgotten your oath.’ The Prophet said, ‘Depart, for Allah has given you Mounts. By Allah, Allah
willing, if I take an oath and then later find another thing better than that, I do what is better, and make expiation for the oath.’ ”

Volume 8, Book 79, Number 713:
Narrated Zahdam:
the same narration as above (i.e. No. 712).

Volume 8, Book 79, Number 714:
Narrated Zahdam:
the same narration as above (i.e. No. 712).

Volume 8, Book 79, Number 715:
Narrated ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Samura:
Allah’s Apostle said, “(O ‘Abdur-Rahman!) Do not seek to be a ruler, for, if you are given the authority of ruling without your asking
for it, then Allah will help you; but if you are given it by your asking, then you will be held responsible for it (i.e. Allah will not help
you ) . And if you take an oath to do something and later on find another thing, better than that, then do what is better and make
expiation for (the dissolution of) your oath.”

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